- 1 What is lean concrete and rich concrete?
- 2 What is the ratio of lean concrete?
- 3 What is the difference between flowable fill and lean concrete?
- 4 What are the types of concrete?
- 5 What is the purpose of lean concrete?
- 6 What is concrete blinding?
- 7 What is the ideal concrete mix?
- 8 How do you make lean concrete mix?
- 9 What is workability of concrete and why is it important?
- 10 How much does flowable fill cost per yard?
- 11 Can you dig through flowable fill?
- 12 Is concrete flowable fill?
- 13 What are the 4 main properties of concrete?
- 14 What are the 5 types of cement?
- 15 What is the most common type of concrete?
What is lean concrete and rich concrete?
A rich mixture contains a high proportion of cement. A lean mixture is a mixture of concrete or mortar with a relatively low cement content. A harsh mixture of concrete is one without mortar or aggregate fines, resulting in an undesirable consistency and workability.
What is the ratio of lean concrete?
As far as Civil construction is considered,the ratio of concrete is 1: 3: 6 (M-10) and below, which is called lean concrete. Generally 1: 3: 6, 1: 4: 8 and 1: 5: 10 mixes are used for lean concrete mixes.
What is the difference between flowable fill and lean concrete?
Lean concrete and flowable concrete are terms used to describe low-grade concrete slurry that is used in a variety of construction projects. Lean concrete tends to be more long-lasting than flowable concrete, which is often temporary.
What are the types of concrete?
Types of Concrete
- Modern Concrete. Most commonly, regular concrete is created by mixing Portland cement with both an aggregate and water-chemical mixtures.
- High-Strength Concrete.
- High-Performance Concrete (HPC)
- Ultra High-Performance Concrete.
- Stamped Concrete.
- Self-Consolidating Concrete.
What is the purpose of lean concrete?
Lean concrete: Its role is to provide the uniform surface to the foundation concrete and to prevent the direct contact of foundation concrete with the soil.
What is concrete blinding?
In construction, ‘blinding‘ typically refers to a base layer of weak concrete or sand that is laid above a layer of hardcore to provide a clean, level and dry working surface. The concrete used for blinding is weak compared with structural concrete, and can withstand lower loading.
What is the ideal concrete mix?
In terms of the ratio for concrete, it depends on what strength you are trying to achieve, but as a general guide a standard concrete mix would be 1 part cement to 2 parts sand to 4 parts aggregates. For foundations, a mix of 1 part cement to 3 parts sand to 6 parts aggregates can be used.
How do you make lean concrete mix?
A low strength (lean mix) ST1 concrete for general use. Mix 6 units of 14-20mm gravel, with 3 units of a grit sand and 1 unit of ordinary portland cement.
What is workability of concrete and why is it important?
Q. Why is the workability of concrete important? A. Any concrete mixture needs to be sufficiently workable to be properly placed and consolidated with the available procedures to fill the forms completely and surround the reinforcement and other embedded items.
How much does flowable fill cost per yard?
The to- tal in-place cost of CLSM—which includes furnishing, placing, flange filler material, drilling and filling core holes, and labor— has varied from $50 to $140 per cubic yard.
Can you dig through flowable fill?
How difficult is hand digging in a trench backfilled with flowable fill. All flowable fill can be designed to meet the City’s strength requirements. Any strengths between 50 PSI and 100 PSI are very easy to hand dig and would also need less re-excavation.
Is concrete flowable fill?
Flowable fill is not concrete, nor it is used to replace concrete. Terminology used by ACI Committee 229 is Controlled Low Strength Material (CLSM). Other terms used for this material are unshrinkable fill, controlled density fill, flowable mortar or lean-mix backfill.
What are the 4 main properties of concrete?
The properties of hardened concrete
- Mechanical strength, in particular compressive strength. The strength of normal concrete varies between 25 and 40 MPa.
- Porosity and density.
- Fire resistance.
- Thermal and acoustic insulation properties.
- Impact resistance.
What are the 5 types of cement?
- Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) Ordinary Portland cement is the most widely used type of cement, which is suitable for all general concrete construction.
- Portland Pozzolana Cement (PPC)
- Rapid Hardening Cement.
- Quick setting cement.
- Low Heat Cement.
- Sulfates Resisting Cement.
- Blast Furnace Slag Cement.
- High Alumina Cement.
What is the most common type of concrete?
The most common of all cement types used in concrete is Portland cement.