Often asked: How To Install Expansion Joints In Concrete Driveway?

Do concrete driveways need expansion joints?

Every concrete slab, inside (basements, garages, etc.) or outside (driveways, patios, entries, etc.) are required to have joints every eight feet horizontally and vertically. Expansion Joints provide space between concrete slabs as a buffer for expansion on hot days and contraction when it is cold.

How far apart should expansion joints be in concrete driveway?

Usually, expansion joints should be no farther apart than 2 to 3 times (in feet) the total width of the concrete (in inches). So for a 4 inch thick concrete slab, expansion joints should be no more than 8 to 12 feet apart.

Should you caulk concrete expansion joints?

Even expansion joints in your concrete driveway should be caulked. They can be the biggest culprit of water under your slabs. Notice how the caulking is slightly lower than the concrete slab around it. This protects the caulk from wear and tear of people walking and driving over it.

Where do you put expansion joints in concrete?

Expansion joints are put in place before the concrete is poured. Expansion joints are used to allow the slab to move and not put stress on whatever it abuts. These joint are placed where a slab meets a building, where a slab meets another slab, and where a pool deck meets the coping.

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What is the difference between expansion joints and control joints?

A control joint is a continuous vertical joint filled with mortar, but with a bond breaker on one side so that tensile stress cannot develop across the joint. An expansion joint is a continuous vertical or horizontal joint, left completely free of mortar and filled with elastomeric sealant to keep it watertight.

What material is used for expansion joints in concrete?

Minimize Concrete Cracking and Damage with Expansion Joints. ASPHALT EXPANSION JOINT is composed of a blend of asphalts, vegetable fibers, and mineral fillers formed under heat and pressure between two asphalt-saturated liners. It is waterproof, permanent, flexible, and self-sealing.

How thick should the concrete be for a driveway?

As for thickness, non-reinforced pavement four inches thick is standard for passenger car driveways. For heavier vehicles, a thickness of five inches is recommended. To eliminate standing water, the driveway should be sloped towards the street a minimum of one percent, or 1/8 inch per foot, for proper drainage.

What is the best PSI for a concrete driveway?

A strength of 4,000 psi (pounds per square inch) after a one month cure is the industry minimum for concrete driveways, slabs and sidewalks. However, 4,500 psi as the ideal. According to guidelines published by AsktheBuilder.com, a home foundation requires a thicker pour of 8-10 inches and a psi of 3,500-4,000.

Can you fill concrete expansion joints?

Just remember that expansion joints should always be sealed and filled with a flexible joint sealer and never be epoxied or coated over. Contraction joints can be filled in the same manner after a coating or sealer is applied.

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Can you tile over concrete expansion joints?

If the concrete is stable and fully cured–you can tile over this but you need to provide a slip membrane beteen the concrete and the tile.

Do you need expansion joints in a garage floor?

Many people understand that wood shrinks and expands as temperature and humidity ebb and flow through the year. But the same thing happens with concrete. That’s why it is necessary to include expansion joints along the edges of the concrete garage floor as well as around posts or other protrusions in the slab.

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