Often asked: How To Set Concrete?

How do you prepare ground for concrete?

Preparation is the most important aspect of pouring a concrete slab.

  1. Dig the ground down to the proper depth.
  2. Smooth out the ground with the flat side of a rake so that you have a level surface.
  3. Tamp the ground with a hand tamper or mechanical tamper.
  4. Pour 2 inches of small, rounded gravel for additional drainage needs.

Can you pour concrete directly on dirt?

Long story short, yes you can pour concrete over dirt.

Can I pour my own concrete slab?

Used for walkways, patios, and floors, concrete slabs are inexpensive to install and durable enough to last for years. When you pour your own concrete slab, you’re giving yourself a design material that is adaptive to all of your needs.

Do you need gravel under concrete?

Whether you pour concrete for a walkway or patio, a strong gravel base is required to prevent the concrete from cracking and shifting. Gravel is especially important in clay soil because it doesn’t drain well, which results in water pooling under the concrete slab and slowly eroding the soil as it finally drains.

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What is the best base for concrete?

Most concrete contractors want a mix of coarse and fine aggregate to create a compactable base that is going to be safe for settlement and drainage. Crusher run (a mix of crushed stone and stone dust ) is one of the best base materials for concrete flatwork.

Is sand a good base for concrete?

Pour concrete over a solid, well-drained base of sand or gravel over clay and other poorly draining soils to provide even support.

Should I put plastic under concrete?

Recently, though, research has shown that the old traditional layer of 6-mil Visqueen (polyethylene plastic ) under the slab is seldom effective for two main reasons: Although it may seem water-tight, this grade of material allows a lot of water vapor to pass through.

Do you need rebar for 4 inch slab?

No, you do not need rebar for a 4 – inch slab of concrete on grade. A 4 – inch -thick slab cast on the ground and in permanent contact with it will float and rebar is not required. Rebar is recommended on concrete measuring 5 – 6 inches thick.

Is Clay a good base for concrete?

The clay can compress under the weight of the concrete, causing the slab to shift or sink over time. It also can leach moisture from the concrete itself, resulting in uneven curing and a brittle base. With proper preparation, however, it’s possible to pour a slab on clay soil without encountering these problems.

Is it cheaper to mix my own concrete?

One of the least expensive ways to get concrete is to mix your own. You can buy bags of the mix from a home improvement store. Typically, you only have to add water for it to be ready to pour. Otherwise, you risk getting a weaker concrete once it cures, which could lead to cracks or crumbles within a couple of years.

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How many bags of concrete do I need for a 10×20 slab?

A 60-pound bag yields. 017 cubic yards, and an 80-pound bag yields. 022 cubic yards. For a 10 x 10 slab, you would need 77 60-pound bags or 60 80-pound bags.

Can you pour a 2 inch concrete slab?

If done properly, new concrete can often be poured right over an existing slab. For this to be feasible, the contractor needs to pour at least 2 inches thick, use smaller aggregate, and incorporate reinforcement such as welded wire mesh or fiber mixed into the concrete.

What type of gravel goes under concrete?

Backfill beneath concrete flat-work along foundation walls should be accomplished with a granular material that is uniform in size. Some fill materials, such as round stones like pea gravel, tend to be self compacting. “I recommend open-graded granular material be used,” says Tull.

Why do you put gravel under concrete?

Because concrete is a very porous material, it will absorb any moisture that it contacts. This can cause pooling. Without crushed stone, pooling water will settle under it and erode your slab. Adding a layer of crushed stone will add proper drainage, as well as create a barrier between your slab and the ground.

Can I use pea gravel under concrete?

If you use pea gravel beneath a patio, take a few simple steps to ensure the stability of the base before setting your surface stones, pavers or bricks. Click to see full answer. It should be ok to pour concrete over your gravel walk although you might want to give the concrete a little more depth along the sides.

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